Are you planning to take accounting training? Among the possible openings, you could practice the profession of an accountant or aim for that of a chartered accountant. You are probably wondering what are the differences between these two professions? Missions, training, diplomas… This article will answer all your questions.


The accountant can practice in different types of establishments: SME, large company or consulting firm. His missions differ depending on the place in which he works. 

For a small business, he will be required to draw up employee payslips, make tax declarations, as well as record various accounting transactions. He advises the manager of the company and watches over the treasury.

The accountant who works in a large company generally has more specialized missions. Depending on the department to which he belongs, he produces the payslips, processes the recording of invoices or takes care of purchases.

In a valuation firm, the accountant works under the responsibility of a chartered accountant. Its role is to keep the accounts of a portfolio of clients (generally SMEs), then to prepare the annual balance sheets.

Becoming an accountant: possible training

If you want to become an accountant, you can choose a bac + 2 or bac + 3 level diploma such as:

  • the DUT in business and administration management  ;
  • the BTS accounting management  ;
  • the management license  ;
  • the DCG (accounting and management diploma).

Then, you will have the opportunity to improve your skills by pursuing a master’s degree in accounting or a higher diploma in accounting and management (DSCG).


The accountant plays a decisive role for the entrepreneur. Its missions are varied since it can be brought to advise entrepreneurs on subjects related to taxation or the legal field. He also has the skills to help them make decisions in order to grow their business. Finally, it is he who closes the annual balance sheets of his clients. If he works in a consulting firm, he will also occupy the role of team leader.  

Diplomas to practice the profession of chartered accountant

Are you interested in the profession of a chartered accountant? To practice this profession, you will have to engage in long studies and obtain 3 diplomas:

  • The DCG: the accounting and management diploma, at bac + 3 levels;
  • The DSCG: the higher diploma in accounting and management, bac + 5 level;
  • The DEC: the accountancy diploma, at bac + 8 levels. 

To validate this last diploma, you will have a paid internship to do in an accounting firm, for 3 years. After obtaining the DEC, you will have to register with the Order of Chartered Accountants. 


There are many differences between the profession of an accountant and that of chartered accountant:

  • The training is longer to become a chartered accountant since it is compulsory to obtain the DEC (bac + 8). The accounting profession is accessible with a minimum bac + 2 level diploma;
  • The accountant can practice in different types of establishments (SMEs, large companies, consulting firms, etc.), while the accountant works mainly in firms specializing in accountancy. He can also be recruited by large companies as CFO;
  • The level of responsibility of the accountant is higher than that of the accountant;
  • To practice under the title of chartered accountant, it is necessary to register with the Order of Chartered Accountants, to take an oath and to submit to strict ethics.

The advantage of the chartered accountancy program is that you can integrate yourself into the working world thanks to each diploma obtained. Now that you know the differences between these two professions, all you have to do is get started in order to achieve your goals!